如何寫英文自傳

如何寫英文自傳

米德佳提供翻譯服務,英文自傳,英文履歷表,英文求職文件,學術論文修改及文件編修等服務。

1. 為什麼要寫自傳? (WHY)

先了解為什麼要寫這篇自傳。是單純的敘述自己? 申請工作? 還是申請學校?…

2. 閱讀的對象是誰?(AUDIENCE)

確定寫這篇自傳的原因之後,再確定誰會是讀我自傳的人:自己? 親友? 老師? 學校? 老板?…
因為對象不同,自傳訴求的主題內容也會不同。

3. 蒐集並研讀資料(READ)

決定了寫自傳的目的和閱讀的對象之後,再來就是蒐集一些類似的自傳、閱讀一下,看看別人是怎麼寫的。

在網路上你可以找到許多人的自傳,例如影歌星、企業名人、政治人物…你可以找出適合你要寫的自傳並參考這些自傳的格式和內容來寫出你的自傳。

4. 決定自傳的主題 (DEVELOP YOUR THEME)

有了主題,你就可以知道你的人生片段,哪些需要多寫、哪些要少寫,哪些甚至不需要提起。

求職的自傳,內容要避免悲觀。老闆想要看到的是陽光:驅使你人生不斷成長的動力是正面的,未來的展望也是要充滿自信的。

5. 組織自傳的格式 (ORGANIZE YOUR AUTOBIOGRAPHY)

一般最常用的格式是依時間順序紀事 (chronological order) 的自傳;這種格式 的優點是找出人生一個適當的時間點切入至一個時間點而結束、直接了當、 也便於讀者的閱讀和記憶。

建議你可以先寫一個 OUTLINE (綱要)。

不需要從小寫到大,可以跳過一些不重要的幼童經歷。也不要一昧的照著綱要寫,綱要的目的只是協助你不要偏離你的主題。 要多列舉有關責任感和不斷學習成長的事蹟來表現出你是一位積極有為、足以勝任工作的人。

6. 開始寫了(START WRITING)

先不用太在意修辭。這樣就能很快地把你想要表達的意思寫出來。
自傳不要誇大、也不要過於謙卑。內容要不亢不卑,誠實有自信。

申請學校和求職的自傳要精簡,不要超過2頁。如果拉拉雜雜、長篇大論,還沒看、就累了,也會給人不能夠抓住重點、沒有組織能力的印象。

7. 編輯你的自傳 (EDIT YOUR COMPLETED WORK)

寫完之後,開始檢查並就內容做增加或刪減,當然也要開始檢查文法和修辭了。其後,要拿給別人看一下。旁觀者清,有經驗的人一看就知道哪裡需要加強或修改。

 

The personal statement, your opportunity to sell yourself in the application process, generally falls into one of two categories:

1. The general, comprehensive personal statement:

This allows you maximum freedom in terms of what you write and is the type of statement often prepared for standard medical or law school application forms.

2. The response to very specific questions:

Often, business and graduate school applications ask specific questions, and your statement should respond specifically to the question being asked. Some business school applications favor multiple essays, typically asking for responses to three or more questions.

Questions to ask yourself before you write:

  • What’s special, unique, distinctive, and/or impressive about you or your life story?
  • What details of your life (personal or family problems, history, people or events that have shaped you or influenced your goals) might help the committee better understand you or help set you apart from other applicants?
  • When did you become interested in this field and what have you learned about it (and about yourself) that has further stimulated your interest and reinforced your conviction that you are well suited to this field? What insights have you gained?
  • How have you learned about this field—through classes, readings, seminars, work or other experiences, or conversations with people already in the field?
  • If you have worked a lot during your college years, what have you learned (leadership or managerial skills, for example), and how has that work contributed to your growth?
  • What are your career goals?
  • Are there any gaps or discrepancies in your academic record that you should explain (great grades but mediocre LSAT or GRE scores, for example, or a distinct upward pattern to your GPA if it was only average in the beginning)?
  • Have you had to overcome any unusual obstacles or hardships (for example, economic, familial, or physical) in your life?
  • What personal characteristics (for example, integrity, compassion, and/or persistence) do you possess that would improve your prospects for success in the field or profession? Is there a way to demonstrate or document that you have these characteristics?
  • What skills (for example, leadership, communicative, analytical) do you possess?
  • Why might you be a stronger candidate for graduate school—and more successful and effective in the profession or field than other applicants?
  • What are the most compelling reasons you can give for the admissions committee to be interested in you?

General advice

Answer the questions that are asked

  • If you are applying to several schools, you may find questions in each application that are somewhat similar.
  • Don’t be tempted to use the same statement for all applications. It is important to answer each question being asked, and if slightly different answers are needed, you should write separate statements. In every case, be sure your answer fits the question being asked.

Tell a story

  • Think in terms of showing or demonstrating through concrete experience. One of the worst things you can do is to bore the admissions committee. If your statement is fresh, lively, and different, you’ll be putting yourself ahead of the pack. If you distinguish yourself through your story, you will make yourself memorable.

Be specific

  • Don’t, for example, state that you would make an excellent doctor unless you can back it up with specific reasons. Your desire to become a lawyer, engineer, or whatever should be logical, the result of specific experience that is described in your statement. Your application should emerge as the logical conclusion to your story.

Find an angle

  • If you’re like most people, your life story lacks drama, so figuring out a way to make it interesting becomes the big challenge. Finding an angle or a “hook” is vital.

Concentrate on your opening paragraph

  • The lead or opening paragraph is generally the most important. It is here that you grab the reader’s attention or lose it. This paragraph becomes the framework for the rest of the statement.

Tell what you know

  • The middle section of your essay might detail your interest and experience in your particular field, as well as some of your knowledge of the field. Too many people graduate with little or no knowledge of the nuts and bolts of the profession or field they hope to enter. Be as specific as you can in relating what you know about the field and use the language professionals use in conveying this information. Refer to experiences (work, research, etc.), classes, conversations with people in the field, books you’ve read, seminars you’ve attended, or any other source of specific information about the career you want and why you’re suited to it. Since you will have to select what you include in your statement, the choices you make are often an indication of your judgment.

Don’t include some subjects

  • There are certain things best left out of personal statements. For example, references to experiences or accomplishments in high school or earlier are generally not a good idea. Don’t mention potentially controversial subjects (for example, controversial religious or political issues).

Do some research, if needed

  • If a school wants to know why you’re applying to it rather than another school, do some research to find out what sets your choice apart from other universities or programs. If the school setting would provide an important geographical or cultural change for you, this might be a factor to mention.

Write well and correctly

  • Be meticulous. Type and proofread your essay very carefully. Many admissions officers say that good written skills and command of correct use of language are important to them as they read these statements. Express yourself clearly and concisely. Adhere to stated word limits.

Avoid clichés

  • A medical school applicant who writes that he is good at science and wants to help other people is not exactly expressing an original thought. Stay away from often-repeated or tired statements.

 

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如何寫英文自傳