常見英文錯誤: Although…but

Although…but

米德佳提供中翻英學術論文翻譯,含學術寫作英文編修。

 

Although

thoughalthough當連接詞時意思相同,指「儘管、雖然」,不過兩者比較起來,although 的用法比較正式,在句中的位置為句子或子句之首;而though在句子中的用法就靈活許多,可以置於句首、句中或句末。我們一起來看看它們的用法。

1. 基本文法說明
Though當連接詞,表「雖然、儘管」之意,這時候它與although意思、用法均相同,唯though在英文口語中較為常見,須特別注意的是,在同一個句子中,連接詞although與though不可和but連用。

此外,though也可當副詞,意思是「可是、不過」,用來表達與上文的關聯。如,Biochemistry is difficult. It is a promising study, though. 生物化學不容易。不過它是一項熱門的學科。

 

2. 錯誤發生情況及修正練習
仔細看看下列的句子,哪裡出了錯?又該如何修正?
A. Although/Though she is not extremely smart, but she works hard to get a high score.(X)
雖然她不是絕頂聰明,但是她努力獲得好成績。
B. A lot of people want to be rich. Few of them achieve their goals, although.(X)
很多人想要變得有錢。但是,只有少數人達到他們的目標。

 

3. 錯誤修正及解釋正確的句子如下:

A. Although/Though she is not extremely smart, but she works hard to get a high score. (X)
Although she is not extremely smart, she works hard to get a high score.(O)
雖然她不是絕頂聰明,但是她努力獲得好成績。
解說:
Although與though作副詞「雖然、儘管」之意,可替換使用。但它們不能和but連用,因為「兩個句子」只須要「一個連接詞」。此例句中,「she is not extremely smart」與「she works hard to get a high score」可算作兩個句子。but也是連接詞,一起出現時,會變成「二個」連接詞,連結「兩個句子」。

B. A lot of people want to be rich. Few of them achieve their goals, although.(X)
A lot of people want to be rich. Few of them achieve their goals, though. (O)
很多人想要變得有錢。但是,只有少數人達到他們的目標。
解說:

Though當連接詞時,與although同義,同交替使用,唯前者在英文口語中較出現頻率高於後者。但though也可當副詞,作「可是、不過」之意,此時則不能以although替代,因為although「只能」當連接詞。

The adverbial “although” means the same thing as “despite the fact that”. We use “although” at the beginning of a clause which contains information that contrasts in an unexpected or surprising way with information in another clause. For example:

Although it was raining, we went for a walk.

If it is raining, it is surprising that we went for a walk. The walk happened despite the rain. You can also feel that first it was raining, then we went for the walk. We cannot say this:

Although we went for a walk, it was raining.

If we went for a walk, it wasn’t surprising that it was raining. We probably already knew it was raining. The rain did not happen because of the walk. The rain was not an unexpected result of the walk.

 

But

but 前面需要加上逗號的原因是因為後面是完整的句子,或者為了讓句意清楚避免產生混淆,也會使用逗號。現代英文用法中,逗號基本上是說話者在長句中稍加停頓的地方。譬如:She is happy about moving away, but also a little sad. 但是若是句子不算長,而省略逗號並不會影響讀者的瞭解時,逗號省略是可以的 (She is sad but not shocked)。

It was raining, but we went for a walk.

The coordinating conjunction “but” emphasizes the joining of two contrasting ideas. In the above sentence, you can feel that the two ideas contrast with each other. As a result, you can flip the sentence around.

We went for a walk, but it was raining.

You can add “but” to either of the clauses, but you can’t add “although” to either of the clauses. The coordinating conjunction “but” joins together two equally contrasting ideas. The adverbial “although” does not join together two equal ideas – one of the ideas is an unexpected result of the other clause.

 

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英文學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙

Although…but

 

I can’t swim, too

There has an apple

Because…so