學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙 A 為開頭的字彙 Common Mistakes in Academic English Writing: Words Beginning with the Letter A

誤解的字彙 A 為開頭的字彙

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abdication 及 addiction
abdication (ab” duh KAY shuhn) (noun)
A formal resignation and renunciation of powers; such as, a high office, a throne, or an authority; a resignation: “The abdication by the king was expected and desired by the citizens of the country.”
addiction (uh DIK shuhn) (noun)
A devotion to or an abnormally strong craving and dependence on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming; such as, caffeine, nicotine, and, especially, alcohol or narcotic drugs: “Our friend, Madeline, was still trying to recover from her drug addiction; as well as, her addiction to nicotine via smoking.”

ability 及 capacity
ability (uh BIL i tee) (noun)
The power, gift, or competence to do or to act physically, mentally, legally, financially, etc.: “Clara was a young woman with a remarkable musical ability.”
capacity (kuh PAS uh tee) (noun)
1. Amount of room or space inside; largest amount that can be held by a container: “A gallon can has a capacity of four quarts (3.78 liters).”
2. Capable of learning or doing; power or fitness: “Last year’s class of graduates demonstrated a great capacity for learning.”

abjure 及 adjure
abjure (ab JOOR) (verb)
1. To renounce, to reject, or to give up rights or allegiances on oath: “The respected professor, Mr. Brown, said he would abjure his citizenship if his country continued with its policies of war instead of negotiating peaceful solutions to international problems.”
2. To repudiate, renounce or recant publicly; to disclaim: “As their father, Tyrone felt it was necessary to abjure the habits of his children’s excessive eating and sitting around playing computer games all the time instead of exercising.”
adjure (uh JOOR) (verb)
1. To appeal to earnestly or to entreat: “Karl Heinz decided to adjure his students to prepare themselves for the final examination.”
2. To charge, to bind, or to command earnestly and solemnly, often under oath or the threat of a penalty: “Judge Herman did indeed adjure the witness, Erik Rolland, that he had better answer all questions truthfully during the trial or he would be held legally accountable.”

abridged 及 unabridged
abridged (uh BRIJD) (verb)
1. Shortened; to decrease, to condense, or to digest: “The book was abridged to a more readable length.”
2. Restrict, limit, curtail, diminish, deprive a person of, take away: “No one should be allowed to have abridged citizens of their legal rights.”
unabridged (un” uh BRIJD) (adjective)
Entire, in full, not shortened, complete: “There is an unabridged dictionary on the library table; as well as, an unabridged book about etymologies.”

abundant 及 redundant
abundant (uh BUN duhnt) (adjective)
Plentiful, present in great quantities: “Some parts of the world are abundant in natural resources.”
redundant (ri DUN duhnt) (adjective)
1. Exceeding what is necessary or natural; superfluous: “Rachel Crystal edited the report and removed any redundant information or statements.”
2. Needlessly wordy or repetitive in expression: “Too often student papers are filled with redundant phrases.”
3. In Britain, dismissed, laid off, or fired from a job because someone is no longer needed: “More than 500 of the company’s employees have already been made redundant and it is likely that more will also be declared as being redundant.”

accede  exceed
accede (ahk SEED) (verb)
To comply with; consent to, approve; yield to; to agree with, surrender to, to comply with: “The mayor will accede to the citizens’ demands.”
exceed (iks SEED) (verb)
1. To surpass, to go beyond normal requirements or beyond the limit of: “The police will give you a ticket if you exceed the speed limit.”
2. To excel, predominate, surpass, be superior: “Georgia actually did exceed all of the other contestants in the singing contest.”

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英文學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙

誤解的字彙 A

B 為開頭的字彙

C 為開頭的字彙