學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙 L 為開頭的字彙 Common Mistakes in Academic English Writing: Words Beginning with the Letter L

誤解的字彙 L 為開頭的字彙

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laboratory 及 lavatory
laboratory (LAB ruh tor” ee, LAB ruh tohr” ee) (noun)
A place or location specifically designed for and equipped for scientific investigation, research, or study: “The new laboratory at the university was funded by a pharmaceutical company.”
lavatory (LAV uh tor” ee, LAV uh TOHR ee) (noun)
A specifically designed room equipped with basins and toilets; often with multiple conveniences: “A public lavatory should always be kept clean and well equipped for its users.”

lacks 及 lax
lacks (LAKS) (verb)
To be in need of something or to experience a deficiency: “What this laboratory lacks is a new microscope.”
lax (LAKS) (adjective)
1. Not firm, relaxed, or negligent: “Both parents were lax with their supervision of the children and, as a result, the children often got into mischief.”
2. Not strict enough: “Shanna’s university has been lax about enforcing the rules in the dormitories about making so much noise after a specified time.”

lain 及 lane
lain (LAYN) (verb)
1. Having remained in a reclining or flat position: “Abigail had lain in bed for two weeks while recovering from the flu.”
“The books have lain on the table in the library for several days before they were put back on the shelves.”
2. Having been in a defenceless or weakened position: “The flooding was caused because the town had lain in the path of the river.”
lane (LAYN) (noun)
1. A narrow or specified route or passage: “The car drove down the narrow lane which was lined with hedges.”
“The shipping lane was marked on the map.”
2. The narrow passage lined with hardwood typically used for bowling, a game involving the rolling of a ball towards objects with the purpose of knocking over as many as possible: “Travis is anxious to bowl and therefore he will use the first lane that becomes available.”

lair 及 layer
lair (LAIR) (noun)
The hiding or resting place for some animals in the wild: “The fox cubs played in front of their lair while their mother watched them.”
layer (LAY uhr) (noun)
1. An individual or animal that places items carefully: “Todd was a brick layer by profession.”
“That red hen is a good layer.”
2. A visible stratum or the overlapping of materials: “At the point where the road was cut, Randy could see the layer of sandstone between the layers of soft clay.”

last 及 latest
last (LAST) (verb)
To continue in a fresh, unimpaired state, for a long period of time: “Trina, if you change the water daily, the beautiful flowers will last for at least a week.”
last (LAST) (noun)
1. A form made of metal, wood, plastic, etc. that is shaped like the human foot and is used to create or to mend footwear: “The cobbler used a wooden last to make the fine leather shoes.”
2. Being at the end of something or at the final point: “Despite Harry’s best efforts, he was the last to finish the race.”
latest (LAY tist) (noun)
The most recent or nearest in order of time: “This tractor is the latest in farm equipment.”
latest (LAY tist) (adjective)
Recently developed or considered most fashionable: “Marina always wore the latest fashions and shoes to match.”

lateral 及 literal
lateral (LAT uhr uhl) (adjective)
Related to or coming from the side: “In the mine, the engineers dug a lateral shaft to explore for silver ore.”
literal (LIT uhr uhl) (adjective)
Sticking to the typical, most common meaning or definition: “While writing an essay for school, Nikki tried hard to maintain a literal description of the events without exaggerating.”
“Luis said he was using the word in its literal or actual sense.”

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英文學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙

誤解的字彙 L

M 為開頭的字彙

N 為開頭的字彙

O 為開頭的字彙