學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙 O 為開頭的字彙 Common Mistakes in Academic English Writing: Words Beginning with the Letter O

誤解的字彙 O 為開頭的字彙

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oaf 及 oath
oaf (OHF) (noun)
An insult indicating someone who is regarded as unintelligent, clumsy, or uncultured: “Oh, come on Dennis, quit making such blunders, you big oaf!”
oath (OHTH) (noun)
1. A solemn, formal declaration or promise to fulfill a pledge, often calling on God, a god, or a sacred object as witness: “They were required to take an oath of loyalty.”
2. A formal and serious promise to tell the truth or to do something: “When he joined the military service, he took an oath to defend his nation.”
3. An irreverent or blasphemous use of the name of God or something held sacred: “Trisha uttered an oath that was offensive and which was used to express anger and frustration.”

oath 及 minced oath
oath (OHTH) (noun)
1. A commitment to tell the truth; especially, in a court of law: “To lie under oath is to become subject to prosecution for perjury.”
2. A solemn promise, usually invoking a divine witness, regarding one’s future acts or behavior: “Jason took an oath of allegiance to his country.”
3. A profane or obscene expression usually of surprise or anger: “Aurora was heard screaming an oath of damn it! after she hit her finger with the hammer.”
minced oath (MINST ohth”) (noun)
1. A type of euphemism based on a profanity that has been altered to reduce or to remove the disagreeable or objectionable characteristics of the original expression: “One example of a minced oath is to use “heck” for hell.”
2. The use of a word or phrase to replace another one which is considered less offensive or less vulgar than the word or phrase it replaces: “Another example of a minced oath is to say “dang it” or “darn it” instead of damn it.”

object
object (AHB jikt) (noun)
1. Something perceptible by one or more of the senses; especially, by vision or touch; a material thing: “Kenneth placed the object on the table after it fell off the shelf.”
2. The purpose, aim, or goal of a specific action or effort: “It is Marina’s object to win this game for her family.”
object (ahb JEKT) (verb)
1. To present a dissenting or opposing argument: “Lenora said, ‘I object to the fact that some people will have to pay more than others for the same service.’ ”
2. To put forward in or as a reason for opposition; offer as criticism: “Many people object to the excessive violence and vulgarity on TV and in movies these days.”

observance 及 observation
observance (uhb ZUR vuhns) (noun)
1. Paying close attention to something; such as, customs or rules: “As a driver, Mark is expected to maintain a close observance of posted speed limits.”
2. A regular and accepted practice or rite: “The observance of the liturgical calendar was important to the members of the religious community.”
observation (ahb” zuhr VAY shuhn) (noun)
1. The process of recognizing or noting information or a fact: “By close observation, Alisha will note the change in the weather.”
2. A statement based on information: “Based on how dark the clouds are in the sky, it is Michael’s observation that there will be a storm very soon.”

obstacle 及 impediment
obstacle (AHB stuh kuhl) (noun)
Something that stands in the way of achievement or progress: “The rainy weather is an obstacle to George’s camping trip.”
“The course for the race was well planned with one major obstacle about half way through the course.”
“Being short was never an obstacle to Jerry’s success as a singer.”
impediment (im PED uh muhnt) (noun)
That which is a hindrance or a bar to the successful achievement of something: “Andrew’s sprained ankle should not be an impediment to his attending the ceremonies at school.”
“Karin worked hard to overcome the impediment of a lisp in her speech.”

official, official 及 officious
official (oh FISH uhl, uh FiSH uhl) (noun)
An individual who administers the rules for a game: “The official at the tennis tournament was a retired tennis pro.”
official (oh FISH uhl, uh FiSH uhl) (adjective)
Authoritative or authorized: “The document had the official seal from the office of the President.”
officious (oh FISH uhs, uh FISH uhs) (adjective)
Meddlesome or getting involved in an activity where one’s help is neither asked for nor wanted: “Lenora had a very officious manner, always trying to intrude herself into other people’s projects in the office.”

omission 及 oversight
omission (oh MISH uhn) (noun)
Left undone or neglected: “The omission of the title page in Marina’s essay was quickly corrected.”
oversight (OH vuhr sight”) (noun)
1. Responsible care: “Andrew maintained oversight of the project from start to finish.”
2. An accidental error: “The fact that Jose’s name was left off the list was a complete oversight.”

opaque, translucent 及 transparent
opaque (oh PAYK) (adjective)
1. Difficult to understand: “Manfred’s oral instructions were opaque and Dennis had to ask for an explanation.”
2. Not allowing light to pass through: “The windows were painted black so they would be opaque thus permitting the photographer to work in his photo-processing laboratory without unwanted light.”
translucent (trans LOO suhnt, tranz LOO suhnt) (adjective)
Not completely clear or transparent, but clear enough to allow light to pass through: “The frosted glass in the door was translucent.”
transparent (trans PAIR uhnt, trans PAHR uhnt) (adjective)
1. Allowing light to pass through: “The new window in the sunroom was transparent and let all the sunshine in.”
2. Easy to notice or to understand; being obvious: “Trina’s facial expression was so transparent you always knew what she was thinking.”

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英文學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙

誤解的字彙 O

P 為開頭的字彙

Q 為開頭的字彙

R 為開頭的字彙