學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙 V 為開頭的字彙 Common Mistakes in Academic English Writing: Words Beginning with the Letter V

誤解的字彙 V 為開頭的字彙

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vail, vale 及 veil
vail (VAYL), (noun)
Removing one’s hat as a sign of respect: “The knight decided to veil his helmet when the princess rode past.”
vale (VAYL), (noun)
A valley or a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river: “She followed the path down through the vale to reach her destination.”
veil (VAYL), (noun)
1. A piece of cloth or net worn usually by women over the head and shoulders and sometimes over the face: “The bride wore a beautifully handmade lace veil on her wedding day.”
2. Something that covers or hides something else: “A veil of moss covered the trees next to the meandering stream, like in a fairy tale.”
veil (VAYL), (verb)
To hide or to partly hide something: “The clouds will veil the sun more and more today.”

vain, vane 及 vein
vain (VAYN) (adjective)
1. Excessively proud of one’s appearance or accomplishments; conceited: “He was always so vain about his athletic accomplishments: he couldn’t stop his bragging!”
2. Not yielding the desired outcome; fruitless: “He made a vain attempt to pass his chemistry test.”
vane (VAYN) (noun)
A device for indicating wind direction: “The weather vane was used to show which way the wind was blowing.”
vein (VAYN) (noun)
Any of the membranous tubes that form a branching system and carry blood to the heart: “The doctor told her that she had a clogged blood vein.”

varied 及 various
varied (VAIR eed, VAR eed) (adjective)
Having many forms or types, including several different things: “After being sick for so long she is now trying to eat a more varied diet.”
various (VAIR ee uhs, VAR ee uhs) (adjective)
A reference to several different or many different things, people, etc.: “Various pop bands played at the concert last night.”

vary 及 very
vary (VAIR ee, VAR ee) (verb)
1. To be different or to become different; to change: “The price of the rooms in the hotel can vary depending on the holidays.”
2. To make something different, to make changes to something so that it is not always the same: “He tries to vary the menu by trying to offer something new each week.”
very (VER ee) (adverb)
1. To a great degree, extremely: “The foreigner was so unsure of himself that he talked very slowly.”
2. Used to emphasize the exactness of a description: “Mom and Dad said I could have my very own room now and I don’t have to share it with my sister anymore.”

vassal 及 vessel
vassal (VAS uhl) (noun)
A person in the past who received protection and land from a lord in return for loyalty and service; often used figuratively to describe a person, country, etc., that is controlled by someone or something more powerful: “The little country will become a vassal of the empire.”
vessel (VES uhl) (noun)
1. A ship or large boat: “We traveled with the sailing vessel along the coast before landing.”
2. A vein or artery that carries blood through the body: “You could easily see main blood vessel on his arm.”
3. An open dish or container typically for liquids: “Some wine was served from the old drinking vessel.”

vault 及 volt
vault (VAWLT) (noun)
1. An arched structure that forms a ceiling or roof: “All the tourists gazed at the vault of the cathedral before continuing their tour of the church.”
2. A locked room where money or valuable things are kept: “I had never been in the bank vault before.”
vault (VAWLT) (verb)
To jump over something, especially to jump over something by using your hands or a pole to push yourself upward: “He was able to vault over the fence easily.”
volt (VOHLT) (noun)
1. A unit for measuring the force of an electrical current: “Do you have a nine-volt battery that I could use?”
2. A quick jump or movement during fencing to avoid a thrust: “The fencing master taught the students how to use the volt so their opponents couldn’t score.”

venal, venial 及 vernal
venal (VEE nuhl) (adjective)
Willing to do dishonest things in return for money; being corrupt: “The venal banker was soon discharged from his position.”
venial (VEE nee uhl, VEEN yuhl) (adjective)
Not serious, forgivable: “Evelyn was forgiven for her venial mistake of accusing her brother of taking her pen, which was not true.”
vernal (VUR nuhl) (adjective)
Of, relating to, or occurring in the spring: “The narcissuses outside the family’s living-room window are in their vernal bloom.”

vending 及 venting
vending (VEND ing) (verb)
To sell by means of a machine that sells items for money or by peddling: “He was vending more wholesome food than the others.”
venting (VENT ing) (VEND ing) (verb)
1. To express (one’s thoughts or feelings, for example), especially forcefully; usually in a loud or angry manner: “She was venting her frustrations by yelling at the driver who suddenly cut in front of her car.”
2. To release or to discharge (steam, for example) through an opening: “We were venting the fumes from the chemical mixture by opening the windows.”

veracity 及 voracity
veracity (vuh RAS i tee) (noun)
1. Truth or accuracy: “They had to question the veracity of his remarks regarding the accident.”
2. The quality of being truthful or honest: “The lawyer hoped the jury wouldn’t doubt the veracity of the witness.”
voracity (vaw RAY shuhs, vuh RAY shuhs) (noun)
The quality or state of having or showing a tendency to eat very large amounts of food or to consume or to desire large amounts of something; such as, knowledge: “His voracity was demonstrated by his greedy behavior at the dinner table.”

verses 及 versus
verses (VUR suhs) (noun)
1. Writing in which words are arranged in a rhythmic pattern; poetry: “An epic tale can be written with verses.”
2. A part of a poem or song: “How many verses does this poem have?”
versus (VUR suhs, VUR suhz) (preposition)
1. Used to indicate the two people, teams, etc., that are fighting or competing against each other or which are opposed to each other in a legal case: “In 2008, the United States presidential election consisted of Barack Obama versus John McCain.”
2. Used to indicate two different things, choices, etc., that are being compared or considered: “We have a choice of staying home this summer versus going to Europe on vacation.”

vertex 及 vortex
vertex (VUR teks”) (noun)
A point where two lines meet to form an angle; especially, the point on a triangle that is opposite to the base: “Her algebra teacher told her that the vertex of her triangle wasn’t correctly calculated.”
vortex (VOR teks”) (noun)
A mass of spinning air, liquid, etc., that pulls things into its center; sometimes used figuratively: “The exciting tale ‘A Descent into the Maelstrom’, by Edgar Allan Poe, tells of a ship being pulled down into the vortex of the Maelstrom.”

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英文學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙

誤解的字彙 V

W 為開頭的字彙

X 為開頭的字彙

Y 為開頭的字彙