學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙 W 為開頭的字彙 Common Mistakes in Academic English Writing: Words Beginning with the Letter W

誤解的字彙 W 為開頭的字彙

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wade 及 weighed
wade (WAYD) (verb)
To walk through water or anything that is difficult to walk through: “It is nice to wade in the stream looking for pretty stones.”
“Frank had to wade through the tall grass to get to the top of the hill.”
2. To become involved with something potentially risky or dangerous: “Despite his better judgment, the police officer decided to wade into the unruly crowd.”
weighed (WAYD) (verb)
1. Having found out how heavy someone or something was: “Because Paula was dieting, she weighed two pounds less than she did a week ago.”
“Neil found out that the bananas weighed more than the pears.”
2. Having thought carefully about something and formed an opinion or made a decision: “Before making a decision about buying a new car, Ted weighed the pros and the cons.”

wafer, waiver 及 waver
wafer (WAY fuhr) (noun)
A thin crisp cracker: “Rita drank sherry and ate a wafer before dinner was served.”
waiver (WAY vuhr) (noun)
The act of choosing not to use or to require something that is normally allowed or which is usually required: “The lawyer for the defendant asked the judge if he would allow a waiver of a jury trial.”
“The teacher indicated that she would have a waiver of any final exam for that particular class.”
waver (WAY vuhr) (verb)
1. To go back and forth between choices or opinions, to be uncertain about what you think about something or someone: “The organization members all declared that they will never waver in their support for their president.”
“Erik didn’t waver in his decision to retire from teaching school.”
2. To become unsteady because of weakness, emotion, tiredness, etc.: “During long sermons at church, Jack’s attention would sometimes waver because he was thinking about other things.”
“Kim’s voice seemed to waver while she was telling her friends about the accident.”

waffle
waffle (WAH fuhl) (noun)
1. A crisp cake with a pattern of deep squares on both sides that is made by cooking batter in a special device called a waffle iron: “Each member of the family had a waffle for breakfast this morning.”
2. An informal British term meaning foolish or dull talk or writing that continues for a long time: “The speech was a load of waffle about politics.”
waffle (WAH fuhl) (verb)
To be unable or unwilling to make a clear decision about what to do: “Every time Paul spoke, it was to waffle from one point of view to another one.”

wage
wage (WAYJ) (noun)
An amount of money that a worker is paid based on the number of hours, days, etc., that are worked: “The company was offering a competitive wage and a good program of benefits.”
wage (WAYJ) (verb)
To start and to continue a war, battle, etc., in order to get or to achieve something: “Some rebels were trying to wage a guerrilla war against the government.”
“The politicians decided to wage a battle against the proposed new law.”

wait 及 weight
wait (WAYT) (verb)
1. To stay in a place until an expected event happens, until someone arrives, until it is your turn to do something, etc.: “Please wait here and Robert will be back in five minutes.”
2. To serve food or drink as in a restaurant or other eating place: “The waitress will wait on your table in a few minutes.”
weight (WAYT) (noun)
1. A measurement that indicates how heavy a person or thing is: “Please write down your weight in kilos and not in pounds.”
2. A heavy object that is lifted during exercising: “Karl lifted up a ten pound weight with his index finger!”
3. A difficult responsibility: “Keith had hoped that he could have taken off the weight or burden from his shoulders, but he couldn’t.”
weight (WAYT) (verb)
To secure something by placing a heavy object on top of it: “Timothy decided to weight the stack of papers down so they wouldn’t blow away.”

ware, wear, were 及 where
ware (WAIR) (noun)
Things which are made from a particular material or that are designed for a particular use; usually used in combination with a word to indicate the kind of material: “Keith can find the glassware in the cupboard in the kitchen.”
wear (WAIR) (verb)
1. To use or to have something; such as, clothing, to have a shirt, pants, etc. over a part of one’s body: “Lillian, will you wear your new shoes to school tomorrow?”
2. The act of using something as clothing: “These shoes are very good to wear everyday or as often as Carol wants to.”
3. Damage that is caused by use: “Since so many people are walking on the old rug in the hallway, it is obvious that it will wear out and should be replaced soon.”
were (WUR) (verb)
Past tense, plural, and second person singular of the verb to be: “We were all ready to go when Grandma called up .”
where (HWAIR, WAIR) (adverb)
1. Referring to a particular place that something is located in: “Sherry doesn’t know where the car keys are.”
2. Used for asking about or referring to a situation or a point in a process, discussion, story, etc.: “The police officer asked, Sam, where did you come from and where are you going?”

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英文學術寫作上常誤用及誤解的字彙

誤解的字彙 W

X 為開頭的字彙

Y 為開頭的字彙

Z 為開頭的字彙