英文文法-比較的平行,加強比較的用字,比較的倒裝,比較的累贅

比較的平行,加強比較的用字,比較的倒裝,比較的累贅

 

1. 比較的帄行:兩者相比時結構與語意上皆要考慮帄行對稱。
例:1. John thinks that swimming is much more interesting than studying.
2. His works are as famous as his master’s.
3. The library in the present is bigger than that in the past. (本句that指the library)

 

2. 加強比較的用字:加強形容詞與副詞的原級用so, too, very等字,若加強比較級則用much, far,或a little等字。
例:
1. It’s very warm today.
2. The film itself is much better than the book.

 

3. 比較的累贅:可以加er的比較級若再加more,或可以加est的最高級若再加most,皆形成累贅。
請訂正下列劃線部份:
1. Her clothes are more better than Mary’s. (去掉more)
2. It is the most biggest hotel in New York. (去掉most)

 

4. 比較的倒裝:A+ V1+as…+as+ B+ V2
A+ V1+more…than+ B+ V2
上列結構中V2有三項常考要點:(a)V2與V1要一致,V1用be動詞則V2亦用be動詞,V1用助動詞V2亦用同樣的助動詞,V1若為一般動詞則V2用do, does或did代替,此外,V2與V1在時態上也要一致;(b)V2可倒裝,但亦可不倒裝;(c)V2可以省略。
例:
1. Country children can read as quickly as city children can.
= Country children can read as quickly as can city children.
= Country children can read as quickly as city children.
2. The Polynesians love the sea as much as the Indians do.
= The Polynesians love the sea as much as do the Indians.
= The Polynesians love the sea as much as the Indians.

 

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比較的平行

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