英文文法-否定用字

否定用字

常考的否定用字包括not, never, no, none, neither, nor, nothing but等。

 

1. not:not為否定副詞,其功用為(a)幫助動詞變成否定式,(b)後面跟名詞,表達“不是”。
例:
1. His ideas are not clearly expressed.
2. Not everyone agrees with him. (不是)

 

2. never:never為否定副詞,幫助動詞成為否定式,若擺在句首,則後面的子句應用倒裝結構。
例:
1. We will never forget his kindness to us.
2. Never have I met such a kind person.

 

3. no:no為形容詞,後面接名詞,表達“沒有”。
例:
1. There is no water.
2. He has no sympathy for the poor.

 

4. none:none純為名詞功能,後面不能再接名詞。
例:
1. None of the girls like him.
2. Jane likes none of the books.

 

5. nothing but = only(只不過是)
例:1. Don’t trust him;he is nothing but a liar.

 

6. neither-nor:neither與nor可以連用,即“neither A nor B”,表示“非A也非B”,A與B在結構上要帄行對稱。另外,neither與nor若單獨使用,表達“也不”,引導子句,且要使用倒裝結構。
例:
1. Neither John nor his brother can speak English.
2. He can neither swim nor play the piano.
3. He doesn’t like mathematics, and neither do I.
4. I haven’t read that book, and nor has John.

 

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英文文法目錄

 

否定用字

英文文法-

介系詞的結構特性及功用

容易混淆的介系詞

介系詞常考片語