英文文法-常考的重要句型

常考的重要句型

 

1.                 adj
                    adv
S+ V+ SO+ adj+ a+ N +that+ S+ V
                    many+複數名詞
                    much+單數名詞
(如此…以致於…=S+ V+ such+ NP+ that+ S+ V)
例:
1. He is so kind (= so kind a person) that we all like him.
= He is such a kind person that we all like him.
2. There are so many people that the auditorium (禮堂) soon became crowded.

 

2.                 adj
                    adv
S+ V+ too+ adj+ a+ N +to+原形動詞 (太…以致不能…)
                   many+複數名詞 for+ NP或Ving
                   much+單數名詞
例:
1. He is too old for the job.
2. Never too old to learn. (活到老學到老)
3. The patient is too weak to walk.

 

3.                adj
                   adv
A+ V+ as+ adj+ a+ N +as+ B (A像B一樣地…)
                  many+複數名詞
                  much+單數名詞
例:
1. He works as hard as I.
2. Jean is as good a swimmer as Amy.
3. We didn’t obtain as much information as you.

 

4.       adj
          adv
how+ adj+ a+ N +S+ V (多麼的…) = what+ NP+ S+ V
          many+複數名詞
          much+單數名詞
例:
How interesting the book is !
= How interesting a book it is !
= What an interesting book it is !

 

5. S+ V+ lest+ S+ (should) +原形動詞 (唯恐…)
例:
He took an umbrella lest it should rain.
= He took an umbrella lest it rain. (這種句型should可以省略,省略後動詞用原形)

 

6. It+ be+ p.p.+ that+ S+ V
例:
It is said that the strict law will soon be put into practice.
It was reported that one of the biggest banks went bankrupt.
註:其它用於此句型者尚有known, understood, believed, estimated.

 

7. S+ be+ p.p.+ to+原形動詞:被動語態後面若接動詞通常用不定詞。
例:
In 1657, all towns in the country were required to have schools.
We are delighted to receive your letter.

 

8. such as (諸如…)
The country exports a lot of crops, such as rice, wheat and fruit.

 

9. S+ had+ no sooner+ p.p.+ than+ S+過去式 (當…尌…)
=S+ had+ hardly +p.p.+ when (或before)+ S+過去式
                 scarcely
例:
We had no sooner got to the station than the train lift.
(當我們抵達火車站,火車尌走了。)
= We had hardly (scarcely) got to the station when (before) the train left.
上列結構亦可改為倒裝用法:
No sooner had we got to the station than the train lift.
= Hardly (Scarcely) had we got to the station when (before) the train left.

 

10. whether…or… (是否…或…) = whether…or not
例:
I am not sure whether I should laugh or cry.
= I am not sure whether I should laugh or not.
It’s not certain whether he will stay or go.
= It’s not certain whether he will stay or not.

 

11. the same as (和…一樣)
例:
He was about the same age as Steve.
My brother encountered (遭遇到) the same problem as I did.

 

12. A+ be different from B+ in+ NP (A與B在…方面不同)
A+ be similar to B+ in+ NP (A與B在…方面相似)
例:
This poem is different from that one in tone.
My house is similar to his in style.

 

13.        some                                                    some
S+ VP, all +of+ whom+ VP.    =    V+ VP, and all +of+ them+ VP.
            most     which                                       most     it
例:
They have raised a lot of questions, some of which are difficult to answer.
= They have raised a lot of questions, and some of them are difficult to answer.

 

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英文文法目錄

 

常考的重要句型