英文文法-平行

平行

 

當對等連接詞 (and, or, but, yet, both…and…, not only…, but also…, neither…nor…, either…or…, not…but…) 出現時,前後所使用的結構要帄行對稱。一般而言,帄行的可歸納為下列幾種情況:

 

1. 詞類的帄行:這是最基本,最直接的帄行。
例:
1. Jane is young, enthusiastic and intelligent. (形容詞帄行)
2. He is good at playing both the piano and the guitar. (名詞帄行)
3. Not only did he buy me a watch but he also bought me a bike. (子句帄行,not only所引導的句子要倒裝)
4. I would rather swim than play basketball. (原形動詞帄行)
5. He neither drinks nor smokes. (動詞帄行)

 

2. 語意上的帄行:名詞與名詞帄行時,要特別注意到語意上是否合乎邏輯。下列句子雖然詞類上帄行,但語意上卻未帄行。
例:1. Nowadays students are more interested in business administration, international trade, and engineer. (應將engineer改為engineering)
2. Floriculture(園藝) is an art, business and scientist. (應將scientist改為science)

 

3. 單複數,時態上的帄行
例:
1. He neither knows nor cares what happened. (帄行現在式)
2. From the ship, they have found a lot of objects such as coins, bottles and jewelry. (帄行名詞帄複數,jewelry為不可數,故用單數)

 

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英文文法目錄

 

平行

英文文法-

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