英文文法-介系詞的結構特性及功用

介係詞

 

1. 介系詞之結構特性:介係詞後面接名詞片語,受格代名詞或動名詞,這些都是用來做介系詞之受詞。
例:
1. Many people in Taiwan are dissatisfied(不滿意)with their living conditions.(名詞片語當with之受詞)
2. My sister is good at playing the piano.(名詞片語當at之受詞)
3. I will go out with her.(代名詞當with之受詞)
結構思考:介系詞+_____

 

2. 介系詞之功用:介系詞片語可以當形容詞,亦可作副詞。
例:1.The girl with a red hat is Jane.(當形容詞,修飾girl)
2.He came back in the morning.(當副詞,修飾came back)
3.The professor explained the course in detail.(當副詞,修飾explained)
4.Like his brother, Steve works hard.(當副詞,修飾後面整句)

 

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英文文法目錄

 

介係詞

英文文法-

容易混淆的介系詞

介系詞常考片語

If 所引導的假設語氣