英文文法-代名詞的格,反身代詞

代名詞的格,反身代詞

代名詞的格可分為主格、受格、所有格及所有格代名詞。主格的功用是當主詞,包括 I, we, you, he, she, it, they;受格是當動詞或介系詞的受詞。包括me, us, you, him, her, it, them;所有格當形容詞功用,後面接名詞,包括my, our, your, his, her, its, their;所有格代名詞等於所有格+名詞,包括mine, ours, his, hers, theirs.
例:
1. Nobody except him can solve our problem. (him當介系詞except之受詞)
2. Tom took an apple to school;he ate it at lunch time. (it當動詞ate之受詞)
3. Mary and Bob have their books;in other words, Mary has hers, and Bob has his.

 

反身代名詞包括 myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, themselves等,其要點如下:

 

1. 反身代名詞可以用來當加強語氣,加強主詞本身。
例:
1. They themselves did it = They did it themselves.

 

2. 反身代名詞可以作動詞或介系詞的受詞,但一定要滿足一個條件,即要等於主詞本身,若不等於主詞本身,則不用反身代名詞。
例:
1. The old man was talking to himself. (等於The old man)
2. They disguised themselves so well that we could not recognize them. (themselves等於主詞 They,them 不等於主詞we)

 

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英文文法目錄

 

代名詞

英文文法-

不定代名詞

that-those, there-it, this-which

代名詞與先行詞的一致,代名詞的累贅