英文文法-累贅

累贅

 

累贅可分為語意上的累贅與結構上的累贅。

 

1. 語意上的累贅:相同意思的兩個字或片語擺在一貣會形成語意的累贅。
例:
1. The earth’s climate remained the same and unchanged for millions of years
during the Jurassic period.
2. Further information remains unclear, but shortly very soon they will know
the truth.
第一題the same=unchanged,故(B)應去掉。第二題shortly=very soon,故shortly應去掉。

 

2. 結構上的累贅:這方面很常考,常出現的情況如下:

 

(一) 主詞的累贅:一個句子若已經有名詞當主詞則不需再加代名詞。
下列各句皆應將劃線的代名詞去掉:
1. Designing a bridge it requires skill and talent. (主詞為Designing a bridge)
2. Many people who live in Taipei they are troubled by traffic problems. (主詞為Many people)

 

(二) 受詞的累贅:動詞或介系詞若已經有受詞則不需再加代名詞。
下列各句皆需將劃線的代名詞去掉:
1. The house which I bought it last year was very expensive. (bought之受詞為which)
2. He told us a lot of stories which we all liked them very much. (liked之詞為which)
3. The man whom you met him yesterday is a famous actor. (met之受詞為whom)
4. He denied (否認) it that he stole the money. (denied之受詞為that子句)
5. They tried their best to carry it out their plan. (carry out之受詞為their plan,故it要去掉)

 

(三) 連接詞的累贅:中文可以說“雖然…,但是…”,“因為…,所以…”,“除非…,不然…”,但英文卻不能說“Although…, but…”,“Because…,so…”,“Unless…,or…”。
下列各句皆要去掉其中一個連接詞:
1. Although my car is very old, but it still runs well.
2. Because I had a headache, so I went to bed early.
3. Unless you study harder, or you will never pass the exam.

 

(四) 比較結構的累贅:可以加er的形容詞或副詞前面不能再加more,可以加est的形容詞或副詞前面不能再加most,不然會形成累贅。
請訂正以下各句:
1. Mount Everest is the most highest mountain in the world. (將most去掉)
2. Jean runs more faster than John. (將more去掉)

 

(五) 雙重否定所造成的累贅
請訂正下列各句:
1. I can not hardly tolerate it. (去掉其中之一)
2. Don’t go out without no money. (將no改為any)
3. I can’t swim neither. (將neither改為either)

 

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英文文法目錄

 

累贅

英文文法-

容易混淆的用字

常考的重要句型

英式英文與美式英文的差異