英文文法-介系詞常考片語

介系詞常考片語

 

1. accuse+人+of+罪名=charge+人+with+罪名 (控告某人犯…)
The police accused him of murder.
2. apply for:申請
John has decided to apply for admission (入學許可) American university.
3. above all:尤其重要的是
Be careful on your trip. Above all, don’t drink and drive.
4. get along with:相處
He is so selfish (自私的) that nobody likes to get along with him.
5. be addicted to:沈迷於
Some children are addicted to watching TV all day long.
6. bring about:引貣,造成
Drink and driving has brought about many accidents.
7. bring up:養育;提出
The professor brought up a problem about water pollution.
8. become of:發生
No matter what becomes of you, I’ll support you.
9. be based on:以…為基礎
The drama (戲劇) is based on a short story.
10. come into being:產生,開始存在
No one knows how such an idea came into being.
11. consist of (=be composed of = be made up of):由…組成,包含
The committee (委員會) consists of ten members.
12. cope with:處理;應付
It needs great patience (需要極大的耐心) to cope with our social problems.
13. call for:要求,需要
14. call up:打電話
I called up Smith and reminded him of the meeting.
15. call off:取消
Because his wife was sick, he called off the trip to Europe.
16. carry on:持續
They carried on their discussion until midnight.
17. drop in:順逆拜訪
On his way home (在他回家途中) , he dropped in on us.
18. distinguish A from B (=distinguish between A and B):區別A與B
Sometimes it’s difficult to distinguish between right and wrong.
19. depend on (=count on =rely on):依靠,依賴
All living things depend on water, air, and sunlight.
20. dress up:打扮得很漂亮
The woman dressed up in the wedding. (婚禮)
21. do away with:廢除
The government (政府)should do away with obsolete laws(過時的法律)
22. have an effect (influence) on:對…產生影響
His philosophy (哲學) had a great effect on education.
23. embark on:開始
He decided to embark on a new way of life.
24. be fed up with:厭煩,受過了
We are fed up with your complaints(抱怨)。
25. fix up:修理;孜裝;孜排
He fixed up the meeting.
26. for good:永遠地
Do you really want to close the company for good ?
27. go with:相配
He bought a new tie (領帶) to go with his suit.
28. hear from:接到…的書信
I haven’t heard from him for a long time.
29. hand in:交出
The teacher asked us to hand in our papers (報告) in two weeks.
30. be at home:熟悉於,精通於
Professor Dick is at home in our papers (報告) in two weeks.
31. let on:透露,洩漏
It’s a secret;please don’t let on to anyone.
32. lay off:解雇
Many workers are laid of because of economic depression (經濟蕭條).
33. look after (=take care of):照顧
Who is going to look after the children?
take after:像
34. make up:偏造;化裝;補(課、考、修等);和解
Uncle Mark enjoys making up interesting stories for his kids.
35. at odds:爭吵
The couple are always at odds about trifles (瑣事).
36. off and on:斷斷續續
During the past week it has rained off and on.
37. put aside (=put away):儲蓄
You should put some money aside every month.
38. put up with:忍受
I could not put up with his behavior any longer.
39. prohibit…from:禁止,使…無法
The boss prohibits his workers from smoking in the office.
40. result from:貣因於 result in (= lead to):導致
41. Eating too much often results in illness.
42. suffer from:遭受…之苦
The crops (農作物) suffer from a blight (病蟲害)
43. show up:出現
Did he show up last night?
44. set up:建立,成立
He set up many schools for the poor.
45. stand for:代表
ROC stands for the Republic of China.
46. stay up:熬夜不睡
Robert stayed up until two o’clock in the morning for his final exam.
47. stick to:堅持,遵循
Drivers should stick to traffic regulations(交通規則)。
48. strike up:開始
The lawyer (律師) struck up a talk with his client (顧客)
49. in season:盛產期;應時的
Fruits are cheapest in season.
50. at stake:緊要關頭
he recued (救) the boy at stake.
51. take in:接受;理解;欺騙
The students could not take in his meaning.
52. take on:從事(某工作),雇用
After graduation, he plants to take on journalism(新聞業)
53. turn in:交出;上床睡覺
I’m very tired, and I think I’ll turn in now.
54. take turns:輪流
The students take turns cleaning up the classroom.
55. use up:用光
He has used up all of his money.
56. in vain:沒結果,白費力氣
We tried to persuade (說服) him not to go, but in vain.
57. work out:想出,了解
It takes time to work out this complicated (複雜的) math problem.
58. What…for:為什麼;作什麼用
What did you buy this for?
59. when it comes to:一談到
The kids were excited when it came to eating ice cream.
60. wear out:穿破,用舊;使疲憊
After a day’s work, he was really worn out.

 

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