論文翻譯之如何寫論文計畫書?How to write a proposal

如何寫論文計畫書?

米德佳提供中翻英學術論文翻譯,含英文編修。

每個領域寫 proposal 的方式有些不同,很難找到一個範本是所有領域都適用的。範本雖然沒有,但總有一些相同的原則可依循。今天要推薦的書籍:Research Design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (強烈建議買第三版的),在我寫 proposal  的時候給我不少指引。中文方面關於寫作論文計畫書的書籍我不大熟悉,就不隨便推了。

 

寫論文計畫書會分成很多階段、章節,但我覺得最重要的一步就是:為什麼要作這個研究?我認識不少研究生,有作研究的能力,但是不會找/找不到題目 (這個大問題以後再談,今天先跳過);也有一些研究生,有點子、會找題目、會作研究,但就是不知道 proposal 從哪著手,或是寫的 proposal 失焦沒有重點甚至不吸引人。一篇研究好不好,其實從 proposal 就可以看出一些端倪了。
既然我推薦這本書,總是要從這本書找出一些好用的東西讓大家參考。在這本書的第三章:Writing strategies and ethical considerations ,引用了 Maxwell (1996) 所提出的九個作研究的核心問題,我想這對初寫 proposal 的人應該很有幫助:

 

1. What do we need to better understand your topic?
2. What do we know little about in terms of your topic?
3. What do you propose to study?
4. What are the setting and the people that you will study?
5. What methods do you plan to use to provide data?
6. How will you analyze the data?
7. How will you validate your findings?
8. What ethical issues will you study present?
9. What do preliminary results show about the practicability and the value of the proposed study?

 

一開始寫 proposal 不求多,只要花個兩到三頁的篇幅,回答上面這些問題,你就已經有一個很好的開始了。在回答這些問題與寫作的過程中,你會想得更多、更深,自然而然也就會愈寫愈多了。

 

Thesis Proposal Outline

This sample outline may not be appropriate for some studies. You should decide, in consultation with your major professor, whether to follow the sample outline below or modify it to suit the needs of your particular study.

 

1. Background and rationale of the study

a. General background of the subject area

b. Specific background for the topic of investigation

c. Review of the literature

d. Definitions of all key terms

e. The hypotheses or questions to be addressed

2. Methodology

a. Identify and justify the choice of general approach and specific research method

b. Subjects (if applicable; describe them and your rationale for their selection)

c. Methods

d. Limitations

3. Outline of Projected Results

4. Potential Conclusions and Implications

5. Working Bibliography of Sources & Materials

Source: Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 3rd Edition 3rd Edition by John W. Creswell

論文計畫書

專業修改英文提高您學術英文論文被發表的機會︰修改英文

期刊論文中翻英翻譯服務︰論文翻譯     摘要翻譯     文章翻譯

論文翻譯的參考資料:

The illustrated guide to a Ph.D.

如何找研究題目?

質化研究樣本的選擇

質化研究的研究問題