質化研究的問題 Qualitative data analysis questions
Qualitative modes of data analysis provide ways of discerning, examining, comparing and contrasting, and interpreting meaningful patterns or themes. Meaningfulness is determined by the particular goals and objectives of the project at hand: the same data can be analyzed and synthesized from multiple angles depending on the particular research or evaluation questions being addressed. The varieties of approaches – including ethnography, narrative analysis, discourse analysis, and textual analysis – correspond to different types of data, disciplinary traditions, objectives, and philosophical orientations.
Do children read better as a result of this program?
Do children read better in this program as compared with other program?
Does X cause Y?
Does X cause more of Y than Z cause of Y?
What is the daily experience of the children participating in this program?
Are the remedial centers located in the areas of primary need?
What is X?
Is X located where Y is lowest?
What do we mean by “special education children” and “remediation”?
Is this program receiving support from state and local officials for political rather than educational reasons?
What does “Y” mean?
Why does S support X?
What are the characteristics of the best CAI materials being used?
How do the various minority groups view this program and judge its quality?
What makes W good?
Does T value X?
What is the cost-effectiveness of the program compared with other programs?
How can we maximize the scheduling of classes at the centers with minimum expense?
Is X more cost-effective than Z?
How are U maximized and V minimized simultaneously?
Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.