論文翻譯之質化研究的問題

質化研究的問題  Qualitative data analysis questions

米德佳提供中翻英學術論文翻譯,含英文編修。

 

針對不同種類的研究問題,研究者會利用各種不同的研究方法、資料來回答。

質化方法不是以數字或統計來進行測量,也不會事先以結構性的問卷來取得相關資料。相反的,質化研究依據的是多元化、多面向的資料間,互相交叉分析來增強研究的信度與效度。而在產業的研究中,蒐集這些資料的來源有很多種,包含了政府單位的出版品、相關研究機構的調查報告、相關學術或產業期刊、新聞報導、公司正式或非正式資料、網站資料、訪談與田野調查等等來源。

Qualitative modes of data analysis provide ways of discerning, examining, comparing and contrasting, and interpreting meaningful patterns or themes. Meaningfulness is determined by the particular goals and objectives of the project at hand: the same data can be analyzed and synthesized from multiple angles depending on the particular research or evaluation questions being addressed. The varieties of approaches – including ethnography, narrative analysis, discourse analysis, and textual analysis – correspond to different types of data, disciplinary traditions, objectives, and philosophical orientations.

Sample questions
General form
Causal-research
Do children read better as a result of this program?
Do children read better in this program as compared with other program?

Does X cause Y?

Does X cause more of Y than Z cause of Y?

Noncausal-research

What is the daily experience of the children participating in this program?
Are the remedial centers located in the areas of primary need? 

What is X?

Is X located where Y is lowest? 

Noncausal-policy

What do we mean by “special education children” and “remediation”?

Is this program receiving support from state and local officials for political rather than educational reasons? 

What does “Y” mean?

Why does S support X?

Noncausal-evaluation

What are the characteristics of the best CAI materials being used?
How do the various minority groups view this program and judge its quality? 

What makes W good?

Does T value X?

Noncausal-management

What is the cost-effectiveness of the program compared with other programs?
How can we maximize the scheduling of classes at the centers with minimum expense? 

Is X more cost-effective than Z?

How are U maximized and V minimized simultaneously?

Source:
Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Qualitative data analysis questions

專業修改英文提高您學術英文論文被發表的機會︰英文編修

期刊論文中翻英翻譯服務︰論文翻譯     摘要翻譯     文章翻譯

論文翻譯的參考資料:

The illustrated guide to a Ph.D.

如何找研究題目?

質化研究樣本的選擇