論文翻譯之如何寫論文計畫書 Writing a Thesis Proposal
每個領域寫 proposal 的方式有些不同，很難找到一個範本是所有領域都適用的。範本雖然沒有，但總有一些相同的原則可依循。
寫論文計畫書會分成很多階段、章節，但我覺得最重要的一步就是：為什麼要作這個研究？我認識不少研究生，有作研究的能力，但是不會找/找不到題目 (這個大問題以後再談，今天先跳過)；也有一些研究生，有點子、會找題目、會作研究，但就是不知道 proposal 從哪著手，或是寫的 proposal 失焦沒有重點甚至不吸引人。一篇研究好不好，其實從 proposal 就可以看出一些端倪了。
The proposal for a thesis or dissertation is essentially an outline of the research – kind of like an architectural blueprint for building a house. The clearer the plan, the more timely and successful the completion of the house. And the clearer the plan, the more likely it is that it will be approved by your advisor or dissertation committee, with a high probability that the final paper will also be accepted.
A thesis proposal can be separated into the following sections:
1. Problem, hypothesis, or question
2. Importance of research
3. Significant prior research
4. Possible research approach or methodology
5. Potential outcomes of research and importance
The thesis proposal itself should have the following content:
- A short introduction outlining the background and the general problem area to to be addressed. Why is the problem area intresting and relevant?
- Previous work. A description of how this and similar/related problems have been treated previously. Some key publications – in particular those that are to be the point of departure in the treatment in the thesis project – should be listed.
- YOUR specific problem. What is the precise problem definition in the thesis and what makes it different from previous work ? What (kind of) conclusions are to be reached? What is the main message that your report will eventually convey?
- Method. How is the problem going to be attacked (analytical, simulation, experiments, interviews/surveys)? What models (scenarios, assumptions), what performance measures/indicator are to be used? Describe briefly any specific tools (software, measurement setup etc) that will be important in your work.
- Expected results . What kind of “evidence” is needed to reach the goals/conclusions envisaged in the problem definition. Show some sketches of results, graphs, tables etc that will be needed to make your case.
- Time plan. The time plan should contain several measurable milestones = dates and concrete, well specified (partial) results achieved. Distinguish between activities and milestones. Ceasing of an activity (e.g. “finished programing, measurements” etc) is in it self not a milestone unless the result of the activity is well specified.
- A rough thesis outline.
John W. Creswell, J. W. (2013) Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th Edition). SAGE Publications, Inc.